The wild forest reindeer is a subspecies of the large and widespread group of wild reindeer and caribou. All wild reindeer and caribou are members of the same species (Rangifer tarandus). The wild forest reindeer developed as a subspecies during the last ice age. Since then, there have been major changes in the range of the wild forest reindeer, and populations of many wild reindeer and caribou species have been in decline.
These pages present changes in the range of the wild forest reindeer, the reindeer genus, the speciation of the wild forest reindeer from wild reindeer, and the characteristics of the wild forest reindeer.
Photos: Wild forest reindeer tracks and droppings.
Wild forest reindeer
Latin name: Rangifer tarandus fennicus, a wild "cousin" of the reindeer
Range and numbers:
In Finland, 700 individuals in Kainuu and 1,250 in Suomenselkä
In Russian Karelia up to 2,400, with an estimated 1,500 in Arkhangelsk and 2,500 in Kom (the question of the taxonomic status of wild reindeer of Arkhangelsk province and Komi Republic is open and requires special research). See range map.
Conservation status in Finland: Near Threatened (NT)