Finnish lynx and bear populations have increased considerably during the 2000s, in fact to such an extent that their hunting is allowed with an exceptional permit, based on population management requirements. Hunting permits have been allowed for lynx and bears in Kainuu and Suomenselkä, concentrating on the known territories of wild forest reindeer in order to reduce the pressure from predators.
Field observations suggest that the proportion of calves in the Kainuu wild forest reindeer population has improved in recent years. This indicates that the pressure on the wild forest reindeer from predators has been reduced through increased hunting of large predators.
Wild forest reindeer
Latin name: Rangifer tarandus fennicus, a wild "cousin" of the reindeer
Range and numbers:
In Finland, 700 individuals in Kainuu and 1,250 in Suomenselkä
In Russian Karelia up to 2,400, with an estimated 1,500 in Arkhangelsk and 2,500 in Kom (the question of the taxonomic status of wild reindeer of Arkhangelsk province and Komi Republic is open and requires special research). See range map.
Conservation status in Finland: Near Threatened (NT)