Finnish lynx and bear populations have increased considerably during the 2000s, in fact to such an extent that their hunting is allowed with an exceptional permit, based on population management requirements. Hunting permits have been allowed for lynx and bears in Kainuu and Suomenselkä, concentrating on the known territories of wild forest reindeer in order to reduce the pressure from predators.
Field observations suggest that the proportion of calves in the Kainuu wild forest reindeer population has improved in recent years. This indicates that the pressure on the wild forest reindeer from predators has been reduced through increased hunting of large predators.
Wild forest reindeer
Scientific name: Rangifer tarandus fennicus
Range and numbers:
In Finland, 800 individuals in Kainuu, 2000 individuals in Suomenselkä and about 20 individuals in Seitseminen and Lauhanvuori National Parks (reintroduced populations).
In Russian Karelia up to 2,400. See range map.
Conservation status in Finland (2019): Near Threatened (NT)