The Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute uses aerial counts to follow wild forest reindeer populations in Finland on a regular basis. Tracking collars make it possible to find information, for instance, on migrating behaviour and the survival of calves.
The information available on wild forest reindeer living in Russian Karelia is not as accurate as for Finland. Information on the condition of wild forest reindeer populations in Karelia is important for planning the management of the Finnish population, since the two are closely linked.
The Finnish-Russian cooperation project "Establishing cross-border cooperation to safeguard the declining wild forest reindeer population" began in July 2013 and ended in December 2014. The goal was to clarify the overall condition of wild forest reindeer populations in Russian Karelia, and to increase awareness of the wild forest reindeer.
Wild forest reindeer
Scientific name: Rangifer tarandus fennicus
Range and numbers:
In Finland, 800 individuals in Kainuu, 2000 individuals in Suomenselkä and about 20 individuals in Seitseminen and Lauhanvuori National Parks (reintroduced populations).
In Russian Karelia up to 2,400. See range map.
Conservation status in Finland (2019): Near Threatened (NT)