The wild forest reindeer is a subspecies of the large and widespread group of wild reindeer and caribou. All wild reindeer and caribou are members of the same species (Rangifer tarandus). The wild forest reindeer developed as a subspecies during the last ice age. Since then, there have been major changes in the range of the wild forest reindeer, and populations of many wild reindeer and caribou species have been in decline.
These pages present changes in the range of the wild forest reindeer, the reindeer genus, the speciation of the wild forest reindeer from wild reindeer, and the characteristics of the wild forest reindeer.
Photos: Wild forest reindeer tracks and droppings.
Wild forest reindeer
Scientific name: Rangifer tarandus fennicus
Range and numbers:
In Finland, 800 individuals in Kainuu, 2000 individuals in Suomenselkä and about 20 individuals in Seitseminen and Lauhanvuori National Parks (reintroduced populations).
In Russian Karelia up to 2,400. See range map.
Conservation status in Finland (2019): Near Threatened (NT)